Tuesday, June 9, 2020

Using Head, Heart Gut for GMAT and GRE Success [Part 1]

Here’s what I believe: Tests not only measure what you know, they also measure how well you take tests. It’s extremely rare that someone waltzes into a GRE or GMAT center without preparation and aces their test. Even a lot of test preparation won’t always help if you don’t employ a multi-intelligence approach to your study and test-taking strategies. Tests judge you beyond academic know-how, and reward or penalize you based on how adept you are in using other forms of intelligence such as your heart and gut intelligence. When all three types of intelligence are honed and used appropriately, they can upgrade your performance and increase your score. In this post I introduce how to think about these intelligence modes as well as some techniques to master them so you can approach the test in a focused and confident manner. Here are the three forms of intelligence: â€Å"Head Intelligence† involves mastering material and recalling it correctly. â€Å"Heart Intelligence† is dedicating time, focus and endurance to complete the test. â€Å"Gut intelligence† involves answering questions in a conscious manner. You need to be fully engaged with each question, and not distracted by other things happening around you or in your mind. While these tests are highly coachable, most people focus on â€Å"head† intelligence and neglect â€Å"heart† and â€Å"gut† intelligence. Utilizing all the three types of intelligence, however, promotes an increased intimacy with the material and process and helps your performance. These different types of intelligence are also transferable to a myriad of other situations, including relationships, your job, and in the pursuit of your goals. So how do you learn to use and trust your head, heart, and gut, to answer questions correctly as often as possible? Practice. First, â€Å"head† intelligence. Have you gone through the content and are you assured you’ve mastered it? If yes, move on. If not, what will it take to learn all that you need to know to get the score you need? How many medium and difficult questions must you answer correctly (assuming you get all the easy ones right should they show up) to earn the score you seek? Get some heart in the mix: set a goal and develop an action plan to actualize it. Included in the plan should be when and for how long you’ll study (keep in mind you might want to take the exam at least twice). Be aware of how long the test sections take and what this feels like. The test is a marathon, not a sprint, and the study for it should be as well. Remember: it’s not just what you know; it’s how you show up for the test. (This last point will be discussed more in part II). Finally, doing a lot of practice will allow your â€Å"gut† intelligence to kick in. You’ll start to feel the difference between a right, wrong, and a weak answer. It’s a kind of knowing that is somewhat indescribable, but you’ve likely felt it at some time – like when you â€Å"get a feeling† about something, someone or a situation. While I don’t recommend you solely rely on your gut as a test-taking default strategy, don’t be surprised when you become so aware, that you begin answering without even reading RC essays or looking at the questions in the math/quant! I’ve demonstrated this to students and now boast a near-perfect score on many Facebook tests even when I don’t know the subject matter. I have cultivated head, heart and gut intelligence and you can do it too! For best performance on the GMAT, GRE or any other high stakes test, learning to understand, identify, and integrate the three types of intelligence combined with continuous practice promotes engagement with the questions. Use of the multiple forms of intelligence makes the process more dynamic and focused and leads to more consistent performance at a higher level. ; Bara Sapir, CEO and Founder of Test Prep New York and Test Prep San Francisco, is a nationally recognized test anxiety relief expert and sought-after speaker with  over 20 years of experience.  Each year she helps hundreds of students through workshops, webinars, articles, products, and books, and works privately with a number of students. Related Resources: †¢ MBA Action Plan: 6 Steps for the 6 Months Before You Apply, a free guide †¢ GMAT MBA Admissions: True or False? †¢ 3 Tips to Reduce GMAT Test Anxiety

Tuesday, May 26, 2020

Anxiety Disorders And Its Effects On Children s Life

Sweaty palms, trembling hands, and a tendency to stutter are common, and are regarded as normal when students, or generally younger adults, are to give a presentation of some sort in front of a group, class, or crowd; excessive breathing issues, nausea, and adamant reluctance to even speak are not, and should not be treated as such. When the first three behaviors shift into the latter three, concern should arise in the parents or guardians of whomever the younger person is, as it is likely that their fear of social presentation could very well be something forming into a much more severe matter of worry: an anxiety disorder. As the mental development that takes place in the early years of life are pivotal to the rest of one’s overall health, issues such as anxiety disorders that are left untreated are very detrimental and can trail into adulthood as well (Children’s Mental Health - New Report). It is important for parents and guardians to be involved in their child†™s life so that they are able to recognize a severe shift in the perfectly normal, and beneficial, anxiety felt in one’s younger years to a kind that keeps the child from living their life properly and to their full potential. A common, but dangerous, mindset that some parents or guardians take on in the face of their child’s unusual levels of anxiety is one of dismissal in which they disregard the forming issue as a phase of some sort that every child must endure; however, such a belief is only partially correct.Show MoreRelatedAnxiety Is Not A New Disorder1182 Words   |  5 PagesWhat is Anxiety? We all know the feeling of anxiety. Some may not be able to distinguish it from fear. For others, it s a constant struggle that impedes almost every aspect of their lives. Anxiety is not a new disorder caused by recent advancements in technology. Rather, it’s always been with us and our psyche since our beginnings. From the times when mankind lived in caves, anxious about killing a large predator or other attacking humans. To today, anxious about finals or an upcoming deadline atRead MoreAttention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder ( Adhd )1734 Words   |  7 Pagesissue amongst children and young adults. The physical health and the ability to perform at school, work and in society, highly depend on the mental health of an individual (Ollendick 2012). The Australian figures of a burden of the disease show that mental health problems occur in approximately 14% of young people aged 4–17 years, and 27 % in the 18–24-year-old age range. Most mental disorders, for exampl e, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder(ADHD), anxiety disorder, mood disorder, psychotic disorderRead MoreStuttering Is A Communication Disorder That Involuntary Effects The Fluency Of Speech1479 Words   |  6 PagesStuttering Stuttering is a communication disorder that involuntary effects the fluency of speech. Disfluencies in speech include both â€Å"nonstuttered† and â€Å"stuttered† disfluencies. â€Å"Nonstuttered† disfluencies include interjections, revisions, phrase repetitions, and other. Everyone produces disfluencies in their speech at times making â€Å"nonstuttered† disfluencies more typical in speech. â€Å"Stuttered† disfluencies are less typical and include word repetitions, sound/syllable repetitions, prolongationsRead MoreSocial Anxiety Disorder : Social Phobia Disorder1654 Words   |  7 PagesSocial anxiety is â€Å"a fear of humiliation or of being judged by others, and an avoidance of social situations where attention centers on the individual† (Martis). According to the Social Anxiety Institute, social anxiety has become the third largest psychological disorder, following depression and alcoholism (Richards). Commonly, victims of this social phobia have problems pursuing social environments, interactions, and relationships (â€Å"Social Anxiety Disorder†). The failure to fulfill daily requirementsRead MoreThe Effects Of Reinforcement On Treating Disorders And Substance Use1218 Words   |  5 PagesThe use of reinforcement has been shown in multiple studies in treating disorders such as anxiety and substance use. It is most commonly used during behavioral cognitive therapy to change people s way of thinking and actions. The outcomes of reinforcement in these treatments have shown an overall positive effect with the disorder being shown at a lesser degree or disappearing completely. Reinforcement is described as the process by which a stimulus increases the probability that a preceding behaviorRead MoreThe Effects Of Self Perception, Behavior, And Behavior Of Children From Infancy Into Adulthood879 Words   |  4 PagesDiscussion Post Week Four NURS 6541, N-11 This week?s topic is developmental and growth issues that may have an impact on mental wellness, self-perception, and behavior of children from infancy into adulthood. For the purpose of discussion I will evaluate issues of self-perception, behavior, and mental wellness in school-aged children. I will also evaluate strategies to mitigate the promotion of positive behavior, mental wellness, and good self-perception. Also, I will provide additional educationalRead MoreThe Consequences of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder1621 Words   |  6 PagesPost-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a medical condition that many people suffer from at different ages. Most of the people that have suffered from PTSD have done so due to a major trauma that occurred at some point in their life. Even though the trauma could have happened months or even years earlier, the symptoms can come back when an event or the anniversary of the trauma triggers the memory of the traumatic event. Some of the traum as that cause post-traumatic stress disorder are rape, deathRead MoreAnxiety : Stress Gone Crazy1672 Words   |  7 PagesANXIETY: STRESS GONE CRAZY Imagine a person who becomes anxious about common everyday activities,the person starts to shake, sweat, or even faint. The effects of anxiety disorders range from simple nerves to serious health issues or even death. are a small For some, anxiety is a common problem in everyday life. It is important to understand anxiety, understand the signs and symptoms, and understand how to treat the disorder. UNDERSTANDING ANXIETY In the world today, it is nearly impossible toRead MoreWhere Does Bad Behavior Do Children Come From?1515 Words   |  7 PagesWhere Does Bad Behavior in Children Come From? Many bystanders perceive that young children with bad behavior want attention from whoever is around. In most cases this is true, but sometimes there is an underlying root to this behavior. In order to handle an outraged child, one must consider why he/she is like this. Three of the reasons why a child could be acting out are separation anxiety, the size of the child’s family and birth order, and disorders. Separation anxiety is defined as the troubledRead MoreSeparation Anxiety And Its Effects On Children1560 Words   |  7 Pagesexample of separation anxiety, a developmental phase that most children go through during their early years. Separation anxiety is most likely to occur in child with a family history of anxiety/depression, child who are shy, children who have a lack of appropriate parental interaction, and overprotective parents. Separation anxiety is one of the most common anxiety disorders in children affecting one out of twenty. It is a developmental stage during which the child experiences anxiety when separated from

Sunday, May 17, 2020

Factors That Influence Early Childhood Education Programs...

â€Å"Reflection on Some Major Factors That Influence Early Childhood Education Programs† The purpose of this paper is to discuss major factors that I feel influence early childhood programs toady. This paper reflects issues that I have faced during my years of teaching in early childhood as well as other issues discussed with other teachers and findings from articles on this matter. A Brief Description of Early Childhood Education â€Å"Early childhood education is a broad term used to describe any type of educational program that serves children in their preschool years, before they are of legal age to enter kindergarten. Early childhood education may consist of any number of activities and experiences designed to aid in the cognitive and social development of preschoolers before they enter elementary school. How and where early childhood education is provided can be very different from one state, or even one program, to the next. Early childhood education programs may be designed for three-, four-, or five-year olds, and they may be provided in childcare, daycare, nursery school, preschool, or pre-kindergarten settings† (http://www.preschoolteacher.org/what-is-early-childhood-education/). Budget One of the major influence in a childhood program is budget. In the area that I am currently working we have faced budget cuts from the Head Start program this year due to layoffs from our mining industry and families moving to find jobs. This year in Mingo County (where I amShow MoreRelatedThis Chapter Will Provide The Theoretical Framework For1281 Words   |  6 Pagesgrounded in several universal theories. The scope and backdrop of the research study is based on Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological Systems theory, Epstein’s Home, School, and Community Topology and National Association for the Education of Young Children (NAEYC) Standards for Early Childhood Professional Preparation. Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological Systems Theory. Most of psychological and sociological research uses Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological Systems Theory to understand human development within the contextRead MoreAustralian Government Policies, Initiatives And Legislative Requirements1075 Words   |  5 Pagesand legislative requirements and analyse how these documents influence curriculum, promote quality care and support the achievement of high quality outcomes for young children in Early Learning contexts. Introduction 200 words l Overview of the situation and identification of key issues. In 2012, the National Quality Framework (NQF) was introduced by the Australian Government and subsequently applied to majority of children’s education and care services. The framework is used to ensure the wellbeingRead MoreSchool Wide Achievement Effects On Children1621 Words   |  7 Pagesof early childhood education program, because that is the most critical time for your child and you want them to get a better start in school and life going forward. In this paper we look at multiple studies done regarding ECE programs. Some of them followed people onto adult while others just did to elementary school. This study was done by people at the University of Missouri. By doing this study they were trying to see how much school-wide achievement effects the relationship between early childhoodRead MoreEssay on Infancy and Early Childhood Development1654 Words   |  7 Pagesand Early Childhood Development PSY/375 March 14, 2011 Kris Scott-Graves Infancy and Early Childhood Development Infancy and early childhood are referred to as those immature years of life and the stage at which most of a child’s development occurs. To strengthen the development of a child’s learning one must understand the physical and mental factors that affect a child’s development through observation and interaction. Development begins during the prenatal period on up to the early yearsRead MoreHow The Brain Benefits From Being Bilingual Essay862 Words   |  4 PagesSaussure, a French linguist from the early 20th century said, In the lives of individuals and societies, language is a factor of greater importance than any other. Language provides insight to one s culture, upbringing, likes, and dislikes. Being bilingual or multilingual in today s world has many benefits. According to a 2013 article in Time How the Brain Benefits From Being Bilingual by Jeffrey Kluger, multilingual brains are nimbler, quicker, better able to deal with ambiguities, resolveRead MoreInfancy and Early Childhood1150 Words   |  5 PagesInfancy and Early Childhood Development Paper Beverly Mahone PSY/375 July 11, 2011 Andrew Rodriguez Infancy and Early Childhood Development Paper The immature years of life and the stage in which the most development occurs in a child are referred to as infancy and early childhood. In this paper the subject will explain development during infancy and early childhood, explain how families affect the development of infants and young children, evaluate different parenting styles andRead MoreHuman History Literacy Rates Have Continued Essay1699 Words   |  7 Pageshave continued to hike. Children now attend school than at any other point in history. Although nations have made immense progress, many are still far from reaching the universal goals of education. The importance of early education cannot be emphasized enough. As famous scholars had noted in human history, education is the precondition for success and unconstrained prospects. Educated citizens are the foundation for a nation’s sustainable economic and social development (Park 23). According to a studyRead MoreChildhood Education At A Daycare Center966 W ords   |  4 PagesEarly Childhood Education means the opportunity to learn about school education at a daycare center or programs before assisting in the Elementary school. These programs help children to socialize with other children in the same age. At the same time, these programs teach children to learn about colors, shapes, numbers, and early math that help them prepare for school. All children are different and they learn at different levels depending on their families, culture, community, languages, and manyRead MoreEarly Life As A Social Determinant Of Health1403 Words   |  6 PagesEarly life as a social determinant of health has the potential to impact both a person’s health and wellbeing. Social and economic disadvantage, belonging to a marginalised population, access to adequate nutrition, educational attainment and exposure to adverse experiences all contribute to an individual’s functional health into midlife and old life age. Those children who suff er socioeconomic disadvantages have earlier onset and faster progression of disease, resulting in higher morbidity and earlierRead MoreDevelopment Of Infancy And Early Childhood1385 Words   |  6 PagesJessica Wilson Development in Infancy and Early Childhood Throughout the course of the human lifespan, the period of most rapid development extends through infancy and early childhood. The early stages of development that occur during this time set the stage upon which further and more specific aspects of development will occur. There are many different external and internal components which influence and guide development during this time. These components include the individual’s family, including

Friday, May 15, 2020

Free Enterprise and the Role of Government in America

Americans often disagree about the appropriate role of government in the economy. This is demonstrated by the sometimes inconsistent approach to regulatory policy throughout American history. As  Christoper Conte and Albert Karr point out in their volume, Outline of the U.S. Economy, the American commitment to free markets continually endured since the dawn of the 21-century, even as  Americas capitalist  economy  remained a work in progress. History of Large Government The American belief in free enterprise does not and has not precluded a major role for government. Many times, Americans have depended on the government to break up or regulate companies that appeared to be developing so much power that they could defy market forces. In general, government grew larger and intervened more aggressively in the economy from the 1930s until the 1970s.   Citizens rely on the government to address matters the private economy overlooks in sectors ranging from education to protecting the environment. Despite their advocacy of market principles, Americans have used government at times in history to nurture new industries or even to protect American companies from competition. Shift Towards Less Government Intervention But economic hardships in the 1960s and 1970s left Americans skeptical about the ability of government to address many social and economic issues. Major social programs (including Social Security and Medicare, which, respectively, provide retirement income and health insurance for the elderly) survived this period of reconsideration. But the overall growth of the federal government slowed in the 1980s. A Flexible Service Economy The pragmatism and flexibility of Americans have resulted in an unusually dynamic economy. Change has been a constant in American economic history. As a result, the once agrarian country is far more urban today than it was 100, or even 50, years ago. Services have become increasingly important relative to traditional manufacturing. In some industries, mass production has given way to more specialized production that emphasizes product diversity and customization. Large corporations have merged, split up and reorganized in numerous ways. New industries and companies that did not exist at the midpoint of the 20th-century now play a major role in the nations economic life. Employers are becoming less paternalistic, and employees are expected to be more self-reliant. Increasingly, government and business leaders emphasize the importance of developing a highly skilled and flexible workforce in order to ensure the countrys future economic success.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Film Delicatessen A Parody Of Apocalyptic Genre

The Film â€Å"Delicatessen†: A parody of apocalyptic genre The Film â€Å"Delicatessen† is where comedy, psycho-horror, cannibalism and romance all intertwine within one another. Set in a fictional small-town post-apocalyptic France, although this film never addresses whatever political conflict or natural catastrophe might have led to this apocalypse in the first place as one critic points out (Tobias). A population is devastated by the effects of famine and must resort to rationing and, cannibalism. Circus clown Mr. Louison, who has fled from another town where people killed and ate his chimpanzee partner Livingstone, comes across a Delicatessen at the foot of a building where many boarders reside. The butcher Mr.Clapet offers him a room in return for handiwork, but his true motives are uncovered at night whenever a boarder is enticed to the dark, isolated confines of the stairwell. Apparently food has become so scarce that food has actually become a currency. Basica lly people pay for things with bags of corn or split peas†¦or human flesh. The butcher’s daughter Julie Clapet discovers feelings for Louison, and madness ensues as the two plot to escape. This paper will focus on the film as being a comedic parody of the typical apocalyptic genre. While also examining the climate change, cannibalism, collapse of political authority, and the decadence of French culture that are shown throughout the film. â€Å"Co-directors Jean-Pierre Jeunet and Marc Caro hail from an animation background,

Graduation Speech A New Year - 842 Words

While a new year means new beginnings—changing to a new calendar, signing up for a new gym membership, and struggling to remember to write 2016 on our checks—markets are starting 2016 off with the same growth concerns and heightened volatility that made the second half of last year a challenging one for investors. In fact, the calendar year 2015 was highlighted by essentially flat returns across stocks (SP 500 advanced 1.4%), bonds (Barclays Aggregate Bond Index advanced 0.6%), and cash (which returned 0.2%). Notably, this was the first time in over 60 years that all three major investment categories were simultaneously unchanged—plus or minus 2%—over a full calendar year. With the Federal Reserve (Fed) raising rates for the first time in nine years, the arrival of the presidential election campaign season, and moving another year closer to the end of the current economic expansion, I expected more volatility in 2016, but I didn’t expect it so soon in the year. Normally, the first few trading days of the year are buoyant as investors look optimistically ahead. Instead, 2016 has started off on a sour note, as a rise in geopolitical tensions stemming from North Korea’s possible nuclear test, discord between two of the most powerful Middle Eastern countries, and the ongoing fear of terror attacks at home and abroad have all weighed on investor sentiment. Continued concerns arising from the slowdown of the Chinese economy have brought about volatile movements in globalShow MoreRelatedGraduation Speech : New Year, New Me2119 Words   |  9 PagesJanuary 6, 2016. â€Å"New year, new me,† I always said. Not this year, definitely not this year. January 6 2016, 10:45pm was the day my mom told me she had cancer. I can say without a twitch of my eye that this was for a fact, the worst day of my life. What is cancer really? Growing up I always thought it was just some sickness that always seemed to affect everybody around. Never did it come into my mind that it would cage one of my own. We never can really know what the future holds for us, all we doRead MoreGraduation Speech : A Rite Of Passage1527 Words   |  7 PagesFor many adolescent individuals in America, graduation is considered a rite of passage. Often, Americans couple graduation with a celebration of opening a new chapter of their life. Specifically, transitioning from a high school student to a graduate. In this essay I will explain what a rite of passage is and what graduation is. Also, I will discuss how graduation is approached as a rite of passage in my culture, and what celebration in regards to graduation looks like and means to many. Almost allRead MoreRhetorical Analysis of Ellen DeGeneress Commencement Speech Essay1144 Words   |  5 Pages Ellen’s Commencement Speech Rhetorical Analysis Graduation caps fly into the air, cheers erupt, and diplomas are received. This is a typical graduation day. Not only did these ceremonial events take place for Tulane Universitys class of 2009, but Ellen DeGeneres was there to congratulate them as well! This class was dubbed the Katrina Class for being survivors of the devastating Hurricane Katrina in 2005. Katrina was named one of the deadliest Hurricanes, causing more than 1,836Read MoreGraduation Speech By Maya Angelou1566 Words   |  7 PagesFebruary 18, 2016 Graduation Graduation is a ceremony that almost every single person is familiar with, thus building the connection of the reader. Graduation is an important transition in one’s life. It represents an accomplishment and signifies moving on to something better, more important and the pathway to use one’s knowledge to achieve one’s life goals. It calls for a celebration along with a grand commencement among family, friends, and peers. Maya Angelou’s, â€Å"Graduation†, is about a youngRead MoreThe And School Promotion And Graduation Ceremonies1194 Words   |  5 Pagesbeen questioned whether a middle school promotion and high school graduation should be allowed to be held in a church. The school could not hold the promotion and graduation ceremonies because the auditorium was found to be holding high levels of unhealthy chemicals from paint and this was also found at the middle and high school’s gyms and cafeterias.The school decided that the best opti on would be to hold the promotion and graduation at an alternate indoor location, a Church. The Church is the mostRead MoreHigh School Graduation Speech : Family, And Seven Years Ago1593 Words   |  7 PagesHome is where your family is, and seven years ago, my â€Å"home† became Wilton Baptist Church. I had just turned twelve when my dad became the full-time pastor in Wilton, but I never thought a group of people could make me feel like I have known them forever. The past seven years has felt like a lifetime. While Wilton has an estimated seventy to eighty members, we are considered a â€Å"small† church. I realize that being small allows the members to have a stronger bond with one another that allows usRead MoreI consider Steve Jobs’ commencement speech at Stanford University in 2005 to be one of the most700 Words   |  3 Pagesconsider Steve Jobs’ commencement speech at Stanford University in 2005 to be one of the most effective speeches. He use s mechanics of speech to craft a well-rounded speech that is crowned by his use of rhetorical devices. Jobs gives relevant and fundamental knowledge of his life and experiences with his rhetorical approach. In his speech to the Stanford’s graduation class, he tells different stories of love, loss, discovery and difficulty he faced in his life to encourage new graduates as they continueRead MoreTeaching Human Sexuality in the High School Curriculum1338 Words   |  5 Pagesstating, that they objected to the sexual content being taught, particularly surrounding lessons on AIDS, pregnancy, and condom distribution, as it was a violation of their religious practice to learn such material. During the remainder of the school year two other students said that their parents objected to the learning of and being taught lessons of this type. During November of 2012, a parent requested a meeting with the Assistant Principal of Physical Education to object to her child being taughtRead MoreGreat Society Speech Analysis Essay1524 Words   |  7 Pagespolitical apprenticeship during the New Deal, and his desire to surpass Roosevelts legacy. When he took office in November 1963, after John F. Kennedys death, Johnson inherited the early initiatives to address poverty that the Kennedy administration had under consideration. With characteristic enthusiasm and expansiveness, Johnson declared a war on poverty in 1964 and pushed legislation through Congress to establish the Office of Economic Opportunity (OEO).In this speech, the purpose Lyndon B. JohnsonRead MoreLyndon Johnson Was Convinced That Liberal Nationalism And1501 Words   |  7 Pagespolitical apprenticeship during the New Deal, and his desire to surpass Roosevelt s legacy. When he took office in November 1963, after John F. Kennedy s death, Johnson inherited the early initiatives to address poverty that the Kennedy administration had under consideration. With characteristic enthusiasm and expansiveness, Johnson declared a war on poverty in 1964 and pushed legislation through Congress to establish the Office of Economic Opportunity (OEO).In this speech, the purpose Lyndon B. Johnson

Essay on Quantitative And Qualitative Research On Research Essay Example For Students

Essay on Quantitative And Qualitative Research On Research Essay Quantitative and Qualitative Research aims at establishing new information. It is a systematic approach of collecting and interpreting information aimed at improving the knowledge base (Suanders et al: 2009, p 5). Research strategy implies a broad orientation as to how to conduct any research. According to Creswell 2004(cited in Duffy Chenail: 2008), research could be classified into quantitative research and qualitative research. At its simplest form, the former transforms human encounters into numbers while the latter transforms such experiences into words. However the difference between quantitative and qualitative research are more pronounced than just correlating to quantification. They can symbolize two discrete forms of research strategy based on the association between the theory and research, epistemological and ontological orientations. Epistemology refers to what should be considered as â€Å"acceptable knowledge† for a speciality and whether the social sciences could be researched applying the same doctrines and processes as the natural science. (Bryman Bell: 2011, p. 15), while ontology refers to the nature of existence based on the researcher’s perceptions of how the world functions and the commitment to these perspectives (Suanders et al: 2009, p 110). Quantitative research strategy emphasises on collecting and analysing numerical data using statistically valid systems which would generate measurable and if possible generalizable inferences (Anderson: 2009, p. 45). Furthermore this research demonstrates a deductive tactic to the association between theory and research. In deductive approach, a hypothesis/ hypotheses would be generated based on the association between a particular domain and the constituted theory w. .terparts. Core differences b/n the articles Research design and data collectionThe research design employed by Jacoby et al (2005) and Woywode (2002) is a comparative cross-national study. Comparative research design could support both quantitative and qualitative research. In the former, the study would involve examining specific phenomena between two or more entities and the related variables to compare their outcomes in diverse sociocultural situations using similar research methods amongst two or more countries. The purpose of such a study is to probe into similarities and dissimilarities or to establish in-depth knowledge of the social representativeness in different national settings. Here cross-sectional design format would be employed to collect data using questionnaire or structured interview. The qualitative strategy in comparative design would involve